The integration of intellectual property protection into the global trading system, then known as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), was inextricably linked to the role of the United States, which proposed negotiating aspects of intellectual property rights related to trade. In addition, the European Community also proposes guidelines and objectives. India is one of the countries opposed to the proposals of these countries which strongly oppose the idea of including the protection of intellectual property rights. However, after a debate between developing and industrialized countries, the winner is most interested in protecting his works, namely developed countries. Any country that has signed the aforementioned agreement is subject to agreed international rules. However, the rules contained in the international convention are only general rules. For the application of the general rules that have been agreed, it is up to the state of enforcement and the regulation of the country that will apply the rule in its national law. The TRIPS agreement is a result of the ADPIC and has also adopted two major international agreements in the field of industrial property and copyright, namely the Paris Convention on the Protection of Industrial Property and the Bern Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. The consequences of the victory of developed countries in the URUGUAY Round GATT negotiations on intellectual property rights have highlighted the inclusion of the concept of ownership and ownership of Western countries in developing countries, including Indonesia. Therefore, the TRIPS agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at the international level. In the international field, each area of intellectual property rights has its own international conventions, as they develop over time. For the application of the general rules that have been agreed, it is up to the state of enforcement and the regulation of the country that will apply the rule in its national law.
Therefore, in light of your questions, we can clarify that the TRIPS agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at the international level.