In addition to the specific characteristics mentioned above, the SSAs coordinate social security programs in the Philippines with similar programs in other countries. The aim will be to solve the problems related to dual coverage (coverage according to the systems of two countries for the same work) and the double payment of dues. From August 1, 2018, Japanese and Filipino employers will be able to obtain Coverage Certificates (COCs) for up to five years for contracts between Japan and the Philippines. When a person is subject only to Japan`s social security while working in the Philippines, his or her spouse and children are exempt from the social security of the Philippines, pursuant to the agreement, unless they work in the Philippines as a salaried or non-salaried worker. Australia currently has 31 bilateral international social security agreements. If a person is subject only to the social security of the Philippines while working in Japan, the agreement also provides for the exemption of his spouse and children from the Japanese national pension, provided that the conditions under Japanese law are met. However, it is possible to unseal this provision on request. The Japanese Pensions Service has announced that Japanese beneficiaries of Japanese pensions in the Philippines, who remain subject to Japan`s social security under the agreement, will not be covered by mandatory accident insurance for workers in Japan and the Philippines. The agreement coordinates the Swedish and Filipino general schemes for old age, survival and disability pensions (for Sweden, sickness and activity benefits) and compensation for damages at work. Under the agreement, international members seconded between the two countries may continue to be covered and exempt from certain social security contributions in the host country. However, the new agreement will not cover all elements of social security.
The agreement also aims to ease the burden on businesses and workers and thus further facilitate trade between the Philippines and Japan. According to the FDFA, the social security agreement allows Filipino and Japanese nationals to receive social benefits in both countries. Workers seconded from Japan to the Philippines and from the Philippines to Japan are currently subject to mandatory coverage under the social security systems of both countries.