Why Did South Vietnam Reject The October 1972 Draft Agreement

The President also announced the text of an eight-point peace proposal that had been presented privately to the North Vietnams. He called for the withdrawal of all American and allied troops, as well as all communist troops from southern Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos within six months of an agreement; simultaneous release of all military and civilian prisoners on both sides; control of the ceasefire by an international commission; presidential elections in southern Vietnam, organized and overseen by a coalition of factions, including the Viet Cong, with President Nguyen Van Thieu and Vice President Tran Van Huong (who had been excluded from the talks) one month after the vote. The dynamics changed in October 1972, following the failure of the Easter offensive in Hanoi. A more compliant Tho Duke suggested to Kissinger that North Vietnam be prepared to consider a South Vietnamese government recognition agreement as long as it included free election and political reform processes. The couple designed a contract that Kissinger unveiled at a White House press conference just before the 1972 U.S. election. Nixon asked the eminent Asian-American politician Anna Chennault to be his “channel to Mr. Thieu”; Chennault agreed and regularly reported to John Mitchell that Thieu had no intention of attending a peace conference. On November 2, Chennault told the South Vietnamese ambassador: “I just heard from my boss in Albuquerque, who says his boss [Nixon] is going to win. And you`ll tell your boss [Thieu] to hold on for a while longer. [8] Johnson learned about the NSA and was furious that Nixon had “blood on his hands” and that Senate Minority Leader Everett Dirksen agreed with Johnson that such an action was a “betrayal.” [9] [10] [11] Defence Minister Clark Clifford considered this to be an unlawful violation of the Logan Act. [12] In response, President Johnson ordered the listening of members of the Nixon campaign. [13] [14] Dallek wrote that Nixon`s efforts “probably made no difference” because Thieu was unwilling to participate in the talks and there was little chance of reaching an agreement before the elections; However, his use of the information provided by Harlow and Kissinger was morally questionable and Vice President Hubert Humphrey`s decision not to make Nixon`s actions public is “an unusual act of political decency.” [15] North Vietnam rejected the U.S.

peace proposal when they presented theirs. Hanoi insisted on the withdrawal of American troops and allied troops from all over Indochina, without any conditions and the immediate resignation of the Thieu regime. At the time of the peace agreement, the United States agreed to replace the equipment in succession. But the United States has not given its word. Is the word of an American reliable these days? The United States has not kept its promise to help us fight for freedom, and in the same struggle the United States has lost 50,000 of its young men. [20] The provisions of the agreement were immediately and often violated by North and South Vietnamese forces without an official U.S. response.