On 15 July 1999, the Secretary-General of the United Nations issued a report recommending the dispatch of an observation mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo. On July 23, the U.S. State Department announced its support for a peace mission. The MLC signed the agreement on August 1. Five days later, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1258, which deployed military liaison personnel to the capitals of the States that signed the Ceasefire Agreement and worked to establish a joint military commission to monitor their implementation. The rebel group Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) signed the agreement on 31 August. The Security Council established the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) in Resolution 1273 adopted from 5 November to 15 January 2000. Resolution 1279, adopted on 30 November, extended the mandate until 1 March 2000.  However, one month after the signing, the war continues. Although it does not dispute the content of the document, the main rebel group, the Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD), refused to sign the agreement. The RCD split in early May, when Ernest Wamba was deposed as group leader, but refused to resign and set up its headquarters in Kisangani with Uganda`s support. Both Rwanda-backed RCD-Goma and Uganda-backed RCD-Kisangani claimed the exclusive right to sign the peace agreement. This delayed the implementation of the agreement and encouraged political groups to develop strategies to buy time.
Since the signing, more troops have been deployed and the rebels and their allies have continued to advance on the ground. Numerous claims and counter-claims for breach have already been filed, making the commitment of both sides to a ceasefire increasingly suspect. Representatives of the Southern African Development Community, the Organization of African Unity and the United Nations met in Lusaka and drafted the ceasefire agreement from 21 to 27 June 1999. The defence and foreign ministers of the parties to the conflict then met from 29 June to 7 July to discuss the agreement.  Zambian President Frederick Chiluba played an important role in signing the agreement as President of the Regional Peace Initiative in the Democratic Republic of Congo.  This report analyses the motivations of each of the major conflicts to sign the Lusaka Agreement. It also deals with the difficulties that lie ahead if the agreement is to be implemented. Relations between Rwanda and Uganda have become increasingly tense since the division of the RCD. Soldiers from both countries are stationed at the airport and control separate parts of the city of Kisangani. Despite recent efforts by South Africa and Zambia to verify the leaders` claims and pressure both factions to sign, the disagreement escalated on 14 August into an open urban war between the two armies.